Contact info

Mailing address:
Krompach 26, 47157
Czech Republic

E-mails: (editorial team) (subscriptions and orders)

To contact us use the above address, and not the address of the publisher shown below.

Bank information:
account number: 0222027399/0800
bank name & address: Ceska sporitelna (Strossmayerovo nam. 1, 170 21  Praha 7, CZ)
IBAN: CZ65 0800 0000 0002 2202 7399

Editorial notices


journal for qualitative research

ISSN 1211-5770
Registration code MK ČR: E 8364
Published by the civil association Casopis Biograf
Krompach 26, 47157
ICO: 27003213
Two issues per year.
Editor-in-chief: Barbora Spalová (

Text detail

Biograf 2019/69

A hyperreal God and modern belief: Toward an anthropological theory of mind

Tanya Luhrmann

A hyperreal God and modern belief: Toward an anthropological theory of mind

This article argues that there is an epistemological style associated with much American evangelical Christianity that is strikingly different from that found in never-secular Christianities. This epistemological style is characterized by a playful, self-consciously paradoxical framing of belief-claims in which God’s reality is both clearly affirmed and qualified. One can describe this style as using an “epistemological double register” in which God is described as very real—and as doubted, in some way. The representation of God generated by this complex style is a magically real or hyper-real God, both more real than everyday reality and in some way fictive. The article goes on to argue that these epistemological features can be understood as generated by and generative of particular theories of mind. The article argues for the development of an anthropological theory of mind in which at least four dimensions are important: boundedness, interiority, sensorium, and epistemic stance.


spirituality; evangelicalism; epistemology; theory of mind.


Jan Tesárek

Biograf themes:

Religiosity, spirituality, religious communities; Methodology of qualitative research; Anthropology and ethnography


LUHRMANN, T. (2019): Hyperskutečný Bůh a moderní víra: K antropologické teorii mysli [A hyperreal God and modern belief: Toward an anthropological theory of mind]. Biograf, 69-70: 81-112. Available at [last access27. 01. 2022]


Článek původně vyšel v Current Anthropology v roce 2012 (Luhrmann 2012). Redakce srdečně děkuje nakladatelství University of Chicago Press a samotné autorce za umožnění překladu a publikování. Překlad byl podpořen z grantu na specifický vysokoškolský výzkum č. 260 596.

[discussion in Czech or Slovak] [full text in Czech or Slovak - only for subscribers